Rheumatoid arthritis refers to a chronic systemic inflammatory disease that affects large and small joints.
When the disease occurs, the joints become painful, swollen and tend to deform over time. It is a disease that particularly affects women between the ages of 40 and 50 and can also involve the lungs, eyes, skin or vessels.
There are also two particular and rare variants, Felty's disease and Caplan's syndrome. (Source: humanitas.it)
The World Health Organisation (WHO) has decided to place aspartame, the name of the artificial sweetener commonly used in soft drinks, on the list of possibly carcinogenic substances, category Group 2B.
Don't panic, though. This classification as a possible carcinogen only affects large consumers, but should not change anything for those who use it to a limited extent. Group 2B, in fact, is the second lowest on the scale.
Just to give a few examples, aloe vera extract and caffeic acid found in tea and coffee are also in this 2B category. In fact, there are daily doses of aspartame that are not considered dangerous by the WHO itself.
Fibromyalgia is a syndrome that mainly presents itself with intense pain in the muscles, ligaments and tendons. The most difficult aspect of this syndrome is that it is often very difficult to diagnose but at the same time very disabling for sufferers.
The difficulty in diagnosis is due to the fact that fibromyalgia presents symptoms very similar to other clinical conditions.
Let's try to understand more about the possible causes, what the symptoms may be and how to intervene. (Source: grupposandonato.it)
Donanemab is the new Alzheimer's medicine that is being touted as a real breakthrough in the fight against the disease, having the merit of slowing down the cognitive decline it causes.
If taken in the early stages of the disease, the medicine would be able to eliminate a protein that accumulates in the brains of people with the disease. What needs to be clarified, however, is that donanemab is not a medicine that cures Alzheimer's but only helps to slow down its degenerative symptoms.
Based on current studies, it appears that the medicine was able to slow down the rate of the disease by about a third, allowing people to benefit from more time to live their daily lives to the fullest.
Heat stroke can affect any individual, regardless of age, but the elderly and children in particular are at greater risk.
Heat stroke can occur when there is an abnormal increase in body temperature above 40 degrees Celsius. Early intervention is necessary because complications may occur, which in severe cases may even lead to death. Intervening early reduces the risk that the brain, heart, muscles or kidneys may suffer serious consequences.
Preventing heat stroke can and must be done. All it takes is to take a few precautions, which are often very simple to follow. (Source: auxologico.it)
The Mediterranean diet is, along with the Chinese-Asian diet, the most nutritionally complete diet, providing the right amount of nutrients, vitamins and all those substances useful for good health.
However, some surveys show that not all Italians, the world's food elite, follow the Mediterranean diet to the letter. The WHO reminds us in its reports that a bad diet causes the same number of victims each year as tobacco.
So what are the most common mistakes Italians make at the table?
Bipolar disorder is characterised by alternating phases in which mania or depression may, from time to time, prevail. The symptoms of each may then vary.
Bipolar disorder generally begins during adolescence or around the age of 20 or 30 and can be classified as bipolar disorder type I, bipolar disorder type II or bipolar disorder not otherwise specified.
The causes of this type of disorder can be many and varied. (Source: grupposandonato.it)
One of the most common searches, looking at Google statistics, is how to lose weight fast and with little effort. Removing the concept of little effort, which really clashes with the idea of exercise itself, it is true that all workouts are not equal.
Some exercises or training methods are more suitable than others for losing weight, i.e. burning as many calories as possible. This is different from classic gym training, where the focus is not on the cardio part but on the muscular part. That is, working out a lot in the gym, lifting a lot of weights and the like will absolutely not make you lose weight.
So what are the exercises and workouts that allow you to burn the most calories? Let's find out together.
Although it is not a real certified illness, the 'impostor syndrome' counts among its patients even illustrious historical figures, such as the father of modern physics Albert Einstein. It is, in general, a low opinion of oneself and one's work, which leads to embarrassment, anxiety and sometimes outright shame, often unmotivated by the recognition received.
An expression coined in 1978, this syndrome often manifests itself in people with a university education or higher, and who hold sensitive and socially recognised roles in fields such as medicine, finance and education.
Over the years, it has been associated with a number of recurring psychological traits, and the help of a psychotherapist is essential to try to get out of it.
An international analysis has shown how humour, used as a real hospital therapy, alleviates symptoms of anxiety, stress and depression in long-term chronic patients such as children who have just undergone surgery or even elderly people in nursing homes. The research was conducted internationally and published in the journal 'Brain and Behavior'.
Basically, it was a review of the existing literature (quantitative, qualitative and mixed studies). Thus, in addition to existing papers, as many as 29 articles were included, involving 2964 participants, conducted in nine different countries, such as the United States, Australia, Italy, Turkey, South Korea, Iran, Israel, China and Germany.
The majority of patients, the study authors suggest, stated that humour therapy had positive effects in reducing anxiety and depression, compared to a small number of subjects who found this approach to be insignificant.
The vitamin B complex is a collective name for the B vitamins. They are water-soluble vitamins, necessary for the proper functioning of the metabolism.
The B vitamins are essential for providing us with the energy we need to carry out our daily activities, as well as for protecting our skin, hair and teeth, and for the prevention of certain diseases, from cardiovascular to neurological to skin diseases.
The 8 B vitamins include vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B3, vitamin B5, vitamin B6, vitamin B8, vitamin B9 and vitamin B12.
What are the main sources of vitamin B? Let's find out together. (Source: humanitas.co.uk)
Continuous nail gnawing can lead to infection and damage to the cuticles, causing pain and irritation.
It is important to try to break this nasty habit for the sake of the health and appearance of your nails. There are several strategies you can try, such as wearing fake nails or regular manicures to keep your nails looking their best, and finding healthy alternatives to manage stress and frustrations, such as yoga or physical activities.
Here are some of our tips for overcoming this addiction.
Abdominal diastasis is a problem that can affect some women in the postpartum phase. Often still considered just a cosmetic problem, abdominal diastasis actually involves a number of very uncomfortable symptoms.
When we speak of abdominal diastasis, we are referring to an enlargement and excessive separation of the central rectus abdominis muscles. The consequences of this vary depending on whether the two muscles are separated to a greater or lesser extent.
The reason why the problem occurs is mainly related to pregnancy, particularly if it is twins. However, it can also develop in men, both in cases of obesity and in cases of major weight loss. (Source: grupposandonato.it)
Parotitis is an infectious disease that is caused by a Paramyxovirus virus that is characterised by enlargement of the parotid glands located under the ears.
Like other diseases, parotitis can only be transmitted by contagion from person to person. The infection can affect individuals of any age, with complications affecting adults in particular.
Parotitis has specific symptoms, which allow it to be detected and is contagious in the first few days before symptoms appear. (Source: epicentre.iss.it)